Welcome to the Historical Context Timeline of the Cranbrook Educational Community. This page is an attempt to archive and display images and captions of social and cultural events that may or may not have had an influence on the development of the Cranbrook Educational Community as it is known today. From general world events, to specific details about the life of Eliel Saarinen or the building of Cranbroook, this page is collection in progress. Please use this site in which ever means to see necessary, feel free to add, subtract, or alter any of the information presented on this site. Comments are appreciated. For more information about editing or creating a wikiclick here.
The Chicago River is completely reversed
U.S. population exceeds 75 million
Hvitträskis designed as a home for the partners of Gesellius, Lindgren, and Saarinen
The Jazz Singer becomes the first feature-length motion picture with talking sequences
Babe Ruth makes Home-Run record
- any American architecture from this year?
March 2 - Mahatma Gandhi informs British viceroy of India that civil disobedience would begin nine days later
July 7 - Building of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam) is started.
January 13 - The Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance
February 18 - While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
Rockefeller Center constructed.
North Christian Church, Columbus, Indiana done by Eero Saarinen.
First Christian Church, Columbus, IN by Eliel Saarinen.
Arch of St. Louis by Eero saarinen.
Phillip Johnson's Glass House in New Canaan, CT.
Yale Hockey Rink, Yale University, New Haven, CT done by Eero Saarinen.
TWA Terminal JFK International Airport, New York, NY by Eero Saarinen.
Sydney Opera House,Sydney, Australia designed by Jorn Utzon, later became one of Australia National Symbol.
Dulles International Airport, Washington DC by Eero Saarinen.
Salk Institute La Jolla, CA by Louis Kahn.
November 1 (exact date not known) - At a scientific meeting in Honolulu, Herbert Boyer and Stanley N. Cohen conceive the concept of recombinant DNA. They publish their results in November 1973 in PNAS. Separately in 1972, Paul Berg also recombines DNA in a test tube. Recombinant DNA technology has dramatically changed the field of biological sciences, especially biotechnology, and opened the door to genetically modified organisms.
Luciano Leggio is brought to court a third time by prosecutor Cesare Terranova. This time for the murder of murder of Michele Navarra, a crime Leggio had committed 16 years earlier. Leggio is found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. Leggio officially remains Capo of the Corleonesi Clan, but delegates authority to his pre-consuls on the Cupola Bernardo "The Tractor" Provenzano and Salvatore Riina.
July 1 - Gambino crime family captain and acting boss Paul Castellano and 8 associates were charged with "forming an enterprise that was designed to operate by collecting debts that had resulted from usurious loans." A directed acquittal was ordered on November 16, 1976, following the refusal of the principal witness to testify in the trial.
July 6 - In what was billed as the "Battle of the sexes," Kentucky Derby winner, Foolish Pleasure went head to head in a match race against the undefeated filly, Ruffian. In the lead, Ruffian broke a leg and after an unsuccessful operation to save her, the horse most believe to be the greatest thoroughbred filly ever, was humanely put down.
SEE: custom essay writing